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EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts: Statistical Module, ESA 2010 and ISIC Rev. 4 industry classification

September 2017 release

For a summary overview of the methodology and construction of the EU KLEMS database, see:

Kirsten Jäger (The Conference Board)
EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts 2017 release - Description of Methodology and General Notes

September 2017

When using this data, please cite this source.

For more details and analysis, see: Bart van Ark and Kirsten Jäger (2017), Recent Trends in Europe's Output and Productivity Growth Performance at the Sector Level, 2002-2015, International Productivity Monitor, Number 33, Fall 2017.


The series presented on this page constitute the second of two updates of the EU KLEMS Productivity and Growth Accounts on industry level in 2016 and 2017. With the current release, the 2016 release has been extended to include all individual EU-28 countries, several EU aggregates, and the United States.

Concepts and methodologies to calculate the various growth and productivity variables in the 2016 and 2017 EU KLEMS releases were adjusted to the new European System of National Accounts (ESA 2010). The 2017 release has a number of new features:

  • Time period: 1995-2015 for most countries and industries. See country notes for deviations.
  • The data on output, value added and employment is consistent with official statistics as available from Eurostat at the corresponding industry levels. See country notes for deviations.
  • The asset types were modified and extended according to the ESA 2010 requirements.
  • The data on gross fixed capital formation, prices, and capital stocks is consistent with Eurostat at the corresponding industry levels. See country notes for deviations. As assumptions with regard to depreciation patterns differ between the official estimates, the capital services measures are not fully harmonized as in earlier modules of EU KLEMS.
  • For labour services use has been made of the micro-data from the European Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) for recent years.
  • Growth accounts have not been calculated for Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Euro Area, EU-15, and EU-28 due to substantial gaps in capital data.

Sources and methods

The EU KLEMS updates in the new ISIC Rev. 4 industry classification are provided on a country by country basis. Documentation is provided separately for each country and release.

Content of the files:

Basic File:
Basic output, input and productivity data for 34 industries and 8 aggregates according to the ISIC Rev. 4 (NACE Rev. 2) industry classification.
Capital Input File:
Contains additional information on investments and capital stocks for the same industry level as the basic file.
Labour Input File:
Contains additional information on several types of labour for more aggregate sectors.
Sources and Notes:
Contains notes with source descriptions and additional notes.

Country Basic File Capital Input File Labour Input File Sources and Notes Release Date
Austria AUT Basic 2017 AUT Capital 2017 AUT Labour 2017 AUT Sources 2017 September 2017
Belgium BEL Basic 2017 Not Available Not Available BEL Sources 2017 September 2017
Bulgaria BGR Basic 2017 BGR Capital 2017 BGR Labour 2017 BGR Sources 2017 September 2017
Croatia HRV Basic 2017 Not Available HRV Labour 2017 HRV Sources 2017 September 2017
Cyprus CYP Basic 2017 CYP Capital 2017 CYP Labour 2017 CYP Sources 2017 September 2017
Czech Republic CZE Basic 2017 CZE Capital 2017 CZE Labour 2017 CZE Sources 2017 September 2017
Denmark DNK Basic 2017 DNK Capital 2017 DNK Labour 2017 DNK Sources 2017 September 2017
Estonia EST Basic 2017 EST Capital 2017 EST Labour 2017 EST Sources 2017 September 2017
Finland FIN Basic 2017 FIN Capital 2017 FIN Labour 2017 FIN Sources 2017 September 2017
France FRA Basic 2017 FRA Capital 2017 FRA Labour 2017 FRA Sources 2017 September 2017
Germany GER Basic 2017 GER Capital 2017 GER Labour 2017 GER Sources 2017 September 2017
Greece GRC Basic 2017 GRC Capital 2017 GRC Labour 2017 GRC Sources 2017 September 2017
Hungary HUN Basic 2017 HUN Capital 2017 HUN Labour 2017 HUN Sources 2017 September 2017
Ireland IRL Basic 2017 IRL Capital 2017 IRL Labour 2017 IRL Sources 2017 September 2017
Italy ITA Basic 2017 ITA Capital 2017 ITA Labour 2017 ITA Sources 2017 September 2017
Latvia LVA Basic 2017 LVA Capital 2017 LVA Labour 2017 LVA Sources 2017 September 2017
Lithuania LTU Basic 2017 LTU Capital 2017 LTU Labour 2017 LTU Sources 2017 September 2017
Luxembourg LUX Basic 2017 LUX Capital 2017 LUX Labour 2017 LUX Sources 2017 September 2017
Malta MLT Basic 2017 MLT Capital 2017 MLT Labour 2017 MLT Sources 2017 September 2017
Netherlands NLD Basic 2017 NLD Capital 2017 NLD Labour 2017 NLD Sources 2017 September 2017
Poland POL Basic 2017 POL Capital 2017 POL Labour 2017 POL Sources 2017 September 2017
Portugal PRT Basic 2017 PRT Capital 2017 PRT Labour 2017 PRT Sources 2017 September 2017
Romania ROU Basic 2017 ROU Capital 2017 ROU Labour 2017 ROU Sources 2017 September 2017
Slovakia SVK Basic 2017 SVK Capital 2017 SVK Labour 2017 SVK Sources 2017 September 2017
Slovenia SVN Basic 2017 SVN Capital 2017 SVN Labour 2017 SVN Sources 2017 September 2017
Spain ESP Basic 2017 ESP Capital 2017 ESP Labour 2017 ESP Sources 2017 September 2017
Sweden SWE Basic 2017 SWE Capital 2017 SWE Labour 2017 SWE Sources 2017 September 2017
United Kingdom UK Basic 2017 UK Capital 2017 UK Labour 2017 UK Sources 2017 September 2017
United States ISIC Rev. 4 US Basic 2017 US Capital 2017 Not Available US Sources 2017 September 2017

Country Groups Basic File Sources and Notes Release Date
EU-15* EU15 Basic 2017 EU15 Sources 2017 September 2017
EU-28** EU28 Basic 2017 EU28 Sources 2017 September 2017
Euro Area*** EA Basic 2017 EA Sources 2017 September 2017
EU-12 (growth accounting)**** EU12 Basic 2017 EU12 Sources 2017 September 2017
EU-16 (growth accounting)***** EU16 Basic 2017 EU16 Sources 2017 September 2017

(*) EU-15 represents the EU15 member states as of 1 January 1995, namely: AT, BE, DK, FI, FR, DE, EL, IE, IT, LU, NL, PT, ES, SE, and UK.

(**) EU-28 represents all member states of the EU as of 1 September 2013, namely: AT, BE, BG, HR, CY, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, DE, EL, HU, IE, IT, LV, LT, LU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK.

(***) EA represents all countries in the euro area as of 1 January 2015 namely: AT, BE, CY, EE, FI, FR, DE, EL, IE, IT, LV, LT, LU, MT, NL, PT, SK, SI, and ES.

(****) EU-12 represents the EU member states for which growth accounting could be performed from 2001 onwards, namely: AT, BE, CZ, DK, FI, FR, DE, IT, NL, ES, SE, and UK.

(*****) EU-16 represents all EU member states for which growth accounting could be performed from 2009 onwards, namely: AT, BE, CZ, DK, FI, FR, DE, IT, LV, LU, NL, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK.

Other EU KLEMS Releases (Statistical Module) in ISIC Rev. 4 (NACE 2):

Other EU KLEMS Releases (Analytical Module) in ISIC Rev. 4 (NACE 2):

Other EU KLEMS Releases (Analytical Modules) in ISIC Rev. 3 (NACE 1):

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This update of the EU KLEMS database has been funded by the European Commission under the service contract ECFIN-163-2015/SI2.716986 for the 'Provision of updated EU KLEMS-type data for growth and productivity analysis'. Any errors or omissions are entirely the responsibility of The Conference Board. For comments and suggestions please send an email to

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Last changed on: September 12 2017